The Act of “No Quarter” was first enacted by the Union

February 3, 2012

Quantrill is often given credit for enacting the use of “No Quarter” during the Civil War.  No Quarter was a term used for taking no prisoners. This is one of the many ways that many revisionist have used to destort the true history of Quantrill and his partisans. But the following article correctly gives credit to Union General Halleck for the act of “No Quarter” against Southerners.

From the Something about Everything Military website…

Halleck declared all guerrillas outlaws:

As in other border states the Civil War fragmented Missourians into Unionists, Secessionists, and a large number of people who simply wanted to be left alone. The pro-Confederate governor plotted secession, but quick action by the Unionists forestalled him. The Secessionist forces under Major General Sterling Price retreated to the Arkansas border, linked up with Ben McCulloch’s Confederate army, then launched a counteroffensive. On August 10 Price and McCulloch defeated the Federals at Wilson’s Creek, after which Price swung northward and captured Lexington on the Missouri River. However, the advance of a superior Union army compelled him to fall back again to Arkansas. Not until three years later would he again seriously challenge Union domination of Missouri.

Meanwhile guerrilla war had begun, and it would continue until it reached a scale and ferocity unequalled anywhere else. In the southeast corner of the state Colonel M. Jeff Thompson, “The Swamp Fox of the Confederacy,” so annoyed the Federals with his raids and ambuscades that they threatened to execute his men when captured – whereupon he announced that should this happen, any Yankee falling into his hands would be “hanged, drawn, and quartered”! North of the Missouri River bands acting on Price’s orders tried to halt rail traffic by firing on trains, destroying culverts, burning bridges, and ripping up tracks. During the fall and winter they demolished over 100 miles of the North Missouri Railroad, and on September 3 some of them so weakened the Platte River Bridge that it collapsed beneath a Hannibal & St. Joseph train, killing twenty and injuring sixty passengers.

But the most violent conditions existed along the western border. Here guerrilla fighting had raged since the 1850’s, as virtual armies of Missouri “Border Ruffians” repeatedly invaded “Bleeding Kansas” and Kansas “Jayhawkers” raided into Missouri. With the outbreak of full-fledged civil war the Jayhawkers swarmed across the border behind such leaders as Charles Jennison, Dan Anthony, Marshall Cleveland, and the “Grim Chieftain” Jim Lane. There, in the name of suppressing rebellion, they stole horses and cattle, plundered and burned farms, sacked entire towns, liberated hundreds of slaves, and in general “played hell.”

These incursions caused the younger men of west Missouri, particularly around Kansas City, to form bands, which fought the Jayhawkers, attacked Federal troops, and terrorized Unionists. They also made retaliatory raids into Kansas, burning Humboldt, sacking Mound City, and gutting Potosi.

Efforts by Union troops and militia, who numbered 10,000 in north Missouri alone, to suppress the bushwhackers proved futile. They would strike, wrote a Northern officer, then scatter to secret hideaways or else resume their normal occupations, so that the pursuing soldiers “found only men quietly working in the field or sitting in their office.” Finally, in exasperation, on December 22 Major General Henry W. Halleck, then the departmental commander, declared all guerrillas “outlaws” who were to be “immediately shot” whenever captured.

Halleck’s order remained in effect in Missouri until the war ended. As will be noted, other generals, Southern as well as Northern, followed the same course. It was a natural reaction on the part of regular soldiers, who always have regarded guerrilla warfare as illegitimate. Also, as Halleck pointed out, centuries of military practice sanctioned the death penalty for partisans.

Nevertheless, by outlawing guerrillas Halleck raised the black flag. Their response was to do the same. Henceforth in Missouri it would be “war to the knife, and the knife to the hilt.” On March 7, 1862 forty Missouri bushwhackers made an unusually brutal raid on the village of Aubry, Kansas. Not only did they steal and burn – they gunned down five helpless civilians. Their leader had a strange, sinister name: Quantrill.

William Clarke Quantrill was born, curiously enough for a Southern guerrilla chieftain, in the Northern state of Ohio in 1837. The son of a school principal, he secured a good education by the standard of the day and while still in his teens taught school in Illinois, Indiana, and his hometown of Canal Dover. At the age of 20 he migrated to Kansas where he made a halfhearted attempt at farming and got into trouble with his neighbors for stealing. Next he accompanied an army expedition to Utah as a teamster, prospected for gold in Colorado, and returned to Kansas for another stint of school teaching. In 1860, under the alias of Charley Hart, he joined a gang of Jayhawkers at Lawrence. When the Kansans outlawed him he switched over to the Missourians, gaining their confidence by betraying three Jayhawker associates into a deadly trap.

Following the outbreak of the war he served with Price’s army, then when it retreated to Arkansas he left it and went to the Blue Springs area of Jackson County, east of Kansas City. Late in 1861 he joined a small local band, which had been formed to guard against Jayhawkers. He soon became its leader. A good shot and skilled rider, he was also crafty, courageous, and cool in moments of crisis. Physically he was somewhat above medium height, slender, and had a rather mild looking face. Only his cold blue eyes, half-covered by drooping lids, bespoke the killer.

During the early months of 1862 Quantrill’s gang was increasingly active in Jackson County, ambushing Union scouts, waylaying mail carriers, holding up stagecoaches, driving Unionists from their homes, and skirmishing with Federal militia. All the while his band grew steadily in size and reputation, adding to its ranks among others a stalwart 18-year-old farmer named Coleman Younger.

After the Aubry raid and another on Liberty, Missouri, the Federals made an all-out effort to destroy “the notorious Quantrill.” Three times within one month they managed to corner his band, but each time it fought its way free. These narrow escapes caused the bushwhackers to become more wary and clever. As a rule of they operated in small groups, coming together for a major enterprise, then scattering into the countryside, which they knew intimately and where friends and relatives provided shelter, food, fresh horses, and timely warning in case of pursuit.

They also developed highly effective “hit and run” tactics based on the horse and revolver. Lying in ambush beside a road along which a Union patrol approached, they would gallop suddenly out of the brush screaming and firing their Colt six-shooters, of which they carried anywhere from two to a dozen. The Federals, usually armed with single-shot muskets or carbines, simply were no match for them in such fighting.

At first Quantrill generally spared prisoners other than Jayhawkers. But when he learned of General Halleck’s order outlawing guerrillas he adopted a “no quarter” policy. The majority of his followers were young farm boys who “took to the bush” out of Southern sympathies, a desire for vengeance against Missouri Unionists and Kansas raiders, and a yearning for adventure. But as time went by many of them, hunted like animals, degenerated into savage beasts driven by a lust for plunder and blood.

In the early summer of 1862 Major General Thomas C. Hindman, Confederate commander in Arkansas, sent into Missouri Joseph Porter, J. A. Poindexter, John T. Hughes, Gideon W. Thompson, and Upton Hayes. All bore commissions as colonels of partisan rangers, all were prominent Missourians, and all had missions to gather recruits, attack Federal posts and communication lines, and, if possible, foment a mass uprising which would prepare the way for Hindman to invade the state and reverse the tide of war in the West in favor of the South.

By July partisan activity so alarmed Brigadier General John M. Schofield, Union commander in Missouri, that he ordered every able-bodied man in the state to enlist in the militia “for the purpose of exterminating the guerrillas.” The immediate effect of this policy was to strengthen the partisans, as hundreds of Pro-Southern Missourians joined them rather than fight them. However it achieved Schofield’s main object of mobilizing Missouri’s Unionists. Heavily reinforced militia combined with regular forces to disperse the large bodies of irregulars under Porter and Poindexter, killing the former and capturing the latter. By September they had re-established Federal control over north Missouri.

Meanwhile Hayes, Thompson, and Hughes, with about 400 men, moved into west Missouri where they linked up with Quantrill and captured the Union garrison at Independence on August 11. Four days later Thompson, acting on authority from Hindman, officially mustered Quantrill’s band into the Confederate Army, at the same time commissioning Quantrill a captain of partisan rangers.

The next day, August 16, Hayes and Thompson, who had been joined by a thousand recruits under Colonels Vard Cockrell and John T. Coffee, defeated an 800 man Union force in a bitter battle at Lone Jack in which some of Quantrill’s men participated. However, they suffered heavy losses and nearly exhausted their ammunition. Consequently they were unable to exploit their victories, and when a large Kansas army pressed them they retreated back to Arkansas. Thus Hyndman’s campaign of large-scale partisan warfare shook but did not break the Union hold on Missouri, and in December his army was routed at the Battle of Prairie Grove, Arkansas.

Quantrill alone remained to challenge Yankee domination along the border. In September and October he thrice raided Kansas towns, but with the advent of cold weather, which stripped the bushes and trees of their concealing leaves, he assembled his men and headed south to Arkansas where they temporarily joined Colonel Jo Shelby’s regiment, an outfit also made up of west Missouri boys.

Soon afterward Quantrill traveled to Richmond where he solicited a commission as colonel of partisan rangers. Probably he did not get it, although henceforth he claimed to be a colonel and many of his followers believed he was one. In any case he had risen fast and high during 1862 – and the climax, the bloody climax, was yet to come.

The Union commander at Lexington, Missouri reported early in May 1863, “Quantrill is here.” He was right. With the budding of the sheltering foliage of spring, the bushwhackers left Arkansas and filtered back into west Missouri, where they at once resumed their ambushes and raids. First Dick Yeager, one of Quantrill’s sub-chieftains, rampaged 130 miles westward into Kansas. Then Quantrill himself waylaid a militia patrol at Independence and sacked Shawneetown, Kansas. And on June 16 his main lieutenant, fearless but brutal George Todd, routed 150 Kansas cavalry outside of Westport, Missouri.

Frightened Kansans clamored for protection against guerrilla forays, and a correspondent of the Kansas City Journal of Commercereported that Unionists in west Missouri “are very discouraged, as it is impossible for them to raise a crop this season. They dare not show their faces outside of our military lines. . . . It is a fact beyond doubt that … Quantrill & Co. do rule in this section of the state.”

The commander of the District of the Border was Brigadier General Thomas Ewing, Jr., brother-in-law of General William T. Sherman. Concluding that unless his 2,500 troops were tripled he could never suppress the guerrillas by purely military means, Ewing decided to strike at the very roots of their power-the support given them by the civilian population. Hence on August 14, after receiving permission from General Schofield, he issued Order No. 10, which directed the arrest and deportation from Missouri of all men, and women “not heads of families,” who willfully aided bushwhackers.

Even before this order the Federals had arrested a number of wives, sisters, and other female relatives of prominent guerrillas, and imprisoned them in a dilapidated building in Kansas City. On August 13 the structure collapsed. Five of the women were killed, another crippled for life.

Three days prior to this tragedy Quantrill held a meeting of bushwhacker chieftains. There he proposed raiding Lawrence, Kansas. A town of 3,000 forty miles from the Missouri border, Lawrence was the citadel of Kansas abolitionism and the headquarters of the Red Legs, a gang of Jayhawkers so-named because of the red leather leggings they wore. Led by George S. Hoyt, a crony of Jennison, they made frequent raids into Missouri, killing and plundering, then sold their loot at public auctions in Lawrence.

After twenty-four hours of “spirited discussion,” the other guerrilla leaders agreed to hit Lawrence. Although it would be risky they could, as Quantrill pointed out, “get more revenge and more money there than anywhere else” – words which revealed the primary motivations of the bushwhackers. News of Order No. 10 and of the collapse of the women’s prison in Kansas City removed any lingering hesitation.

Captain Daniel Patterson, Confederate States Army

February 2, 2012

I stumbled across an interesting read , it was the Civil War history of Captain Daniel Patterson of Ripley County, Missouri.  There are several interesting parts to this article.  One it specifically mentions the event that happened at Pulliams Farm ( in SW Ripley County , Missouri) on Christmas Day, 1863 as a “massacre”:

“On December 6, 1863, Capt. Patterson was ordered by Brig. Gen. M. M. Parsons

to recruit duty along the Missouri/Arkansas border. The special order #215 also sent

other officers back to this vicinity. Capt. Epps was ordered via the same S. O., and was

captured at the Christmas Day massacre in S. W. Ripley Co.”

Second, critics of Jerry Ponder’s research concerning the “Wilson Massacre” cite the fact that there were no “eye witness” or “first hand” accounts of such incidents however; the article about Captain Patterson might give us some incite why. Captain Patterson was under a special recruitment order and was also used as a scout. According to the article:

“One reason Confederate officers and men with assignments such as the above

wished to forget their participation was the abuse of the legitimate task of preventing

outlawry. This was used as an excuse by the scum of humanity for both armies and by

many who were not a part of either army.”

Third, some question whether or not the Union Army was capable of killing civilians, this too is a question that is answered in the history of Captian Patterson’s biography of Confederate service:

” There was another little known cruel aspect of the war by which Capt. Patterson

and his family were made to suffer. This was the economic and food source embargo

place upon members of officers’ families by the U. S. Army. This was particularly

effective in parts of Arkansas where much of the food production was under control of

that army. During the war, he lost two children (sons) from malnutrition/maltreatment.

Two daughters survived but were severely affected. His wife survived only to die from

childbirth after the war. This was probably due to mainly the lack of food and hardship

suffered during the war. She died 8 days after the birth of their son Thomas J. born Dec.

28, 1865. She died on Jan 5, 1866.”

We know that a massacre happened, we know that soldiers often do not talk about what they witnessed during times of war, and by this account, we know that, yes, the Union Army was very much capable of murdering civilians, women , children, through starvation, or other means.

Colonel W.H. Righter of Ripley County, Missouri

January 31, 2012

Some say he was never a Colonel but why would the state not certify the election results when he was first elected a state representative following the Civil War? Simple, he was “disinfranchized” after the war because he refused to take the Oath of Allegiance. Why would he refuse to take the Oath of Allegiance? Because he was a Confederate.  Perhaps a partisan but a Confederate none the less. From the Missouri Historical Review, Vol. XI , Oct, 1916- July 1917 pgs 240-241:

 

 

 

Ron Paul on the REAL reasons for the Civil War

January 23, 2012

Missouri Student Suspended for Flying Confederate Flag

January 19, 2012

From SNN news:

Discrimination against Southerners continues in government schools

We have another example of the government school system banning the most prominent symbol of the Southern people and denying the basic right of free speech. Our freedoms as well as tolerance for Southern identity have deteriorated to the point where this has now sadly become common. Can you imagine the school system banning the flag of any other cultural or ethnic group? Of course not. This re-enforces the assertion we at SNN have made many times that the government schools are not welcoming institutions for Southern people. If at all possible, Southerners are recommended to avoid these institutions since it is clear that the rhetoric from the US school system about inclusion does not apply to Southerners:

Riley Collier loves flying the flag in the back of his pickup — the Confederate flag.

“Just trying to express myself; it’s just like bumper stickers or anything of that nature,” said Collier.

He ran into a big problem, though, when he took it on his school grounds. Collier said school officials warned him to stop flying Ole Dixie.

“They said they could view the flag from inside the building, so it was a distraction to students apparently,” said Collier.

So he took it down, but continued to fly it to and from Republic High School. In response, the school suspended Collier’s driving privileges for 30 days.

“It would be easier and it would pacify them, but I just don’t see why I should,” said Collier.

When he earned his driving privileges back, his flag came back and that led to his second driving suspension.

Collier has the support of his dad.

“To my knowledge there’s nothing in any of the school handbooks that says you can’t do it,” said Gene Collier.

“We don’t articulate every rule and regulation; no school district could do that. We don’t have the manpower, time, hours, energy to do all that,” said Republic School District Superintendent Vern Minor.

Editors Note:

The best way that we can help this young man is to contact Republic Highschool Superintendent Vern Minor and express our opposition to his decision to oppress free speech and Missouri heritage.

Below is his contact information. Be polite but steadfast in your support of this student.

Ph: 417-732-3605

Email: vern.minor@republicschools.org

Once again, Public Schools Prohibit Free Speech

January 18, 2012

ky3-confederate-flag-flap-20120117,0,5508343.premiumvideo

Guerrilla Warfare in Missouri

January 18, 2012


Story of the South should be boldly told

January 18, 2012

The following article was originally published at the nolanchart.com :

Many forms of censorship are being used to silence the story of the South, and promote politically  correct Yankee history! by Mark Vogl (libertarian) Saturday, January 14, 2012

2010 thru 2015 marks the 150th Anniversary and remembrance of a war within the United States which changed forever the meaning of the U.S. Constitution, and the aspirations of the Founding Fathers.  The war most commonly referred to as the Civil War could just as easily be called the War of the Constitution.

For my lifetime, the past half century and a little, revisionists, as the most ardent of Yankee victors, have been attempting to steal away into the dark caverns of library and museum archives, and into private collections the real causes of secession, and war.  Recently, I am told an article in USA Today reported that many museums of the War are rewriting their exhibits to make them more politically correct.  I am told the story said that this was being done because of poor visitation and a need to increase revenues through increased attendance and possibly federalized government funding!  So the story of the South, the story of liberty and freedom is being concealed so that more space can be given to slavery and the abuse of the African American.  For me, there is and should be room for both.

The Culture War ongoing within the United States is not about promoting the history of a people who were abused.  It is about using the sins of the United States, slavery, to hide the fact that the South did not secede because of slavery; that was protected in the Constitution.  The South’s secession was because the people of that time saw in the election of a President the end to the confederation originally constructed under the Constitution, and the beginnings of what we would become today’s disaster, called America.  They foresaw massive federal spending and taxation.  They saw the sovereign states becoming nothing more than administrative districts.  They saw Washington’s warning about international involvement being cast aside.  And they saw the power of blue bloods, presently represented by former Governor Mitt Romney, as desirous of replacing liberty and Christianity with materialism and consumerism.

In the article, which I saw only parts of, one museum spokesman said that museums had to change, to become more in step with modern perceptions, if they were to attract visitors.  Here again we see censorship in a form not recognizable, mostly because the general public would not even know it was occurring.  But, for example at Gettysburg, the new federal Visitor’s Center focuses on the intellectual black hole of slavery, not telling of the real and true differences between the US and Confederate Constitutions.

By the way, Gettysburg’s economic development reports tell us that this small Pennsylvania town earns over 300 million dollars per year in tourist revenues, which employ over 6,000 people.  In the South, battlefields are hidden, Southern states tourism efforts at their visitor centers on the interstates do as much as possible to hide information about Southern battlefields.  Southern pride turned to Southern shame.  Again, where are the heritage defense groups?  Off doing whatever they do, but certainly not pressuring elected officials to promote Southern history!

Southern heritage groups, like the Sons of Confederate Veterans, help perpetuate the “black hole” which forcefully pulls all inquiries about the reasons for secession to slavery because they refuse to stand up and condemn slavery as the sin it was and is.  The Causes for secession are best articulated in the differences between the Confederate Constitution and the US.  Much of what Rush Limbaugh, Sean Hannity and other conservative talk show hosts say today could be policy initiatives from the CSA!  But, few even realize there was a Confederate Constitution which offered a different, alternative view of America which would have avoided many of today’s most troublesome problems.

It is impossible to introduce the Confederate Constitution to the uninformed unless you first condemn slavery as a sin.  Once, slavery is condemned as wrong, once the absolute tragedy of African Americans is recognized and addressed, than proponents of the Southern point of view of an alternative America could be explored, and much good taken from it.  And for those who now condemn the South, and the Confederacy for slavery, they would than have to talk about God at the governing table, stricter financial controls, tight controls on citizenship, nationalism, regionalism, state’s rights and the benefits of diversity as reflected in the actual wants and needs of people in each state.

The north, the blue bloods of New England are not free of their participation in the sin of slavery.  It was the European powers and the northern merchantmen who participated in the slave trade.  It was the Yankees who initially financed and brought the slaves to America. They were sold from Maine to Georgia.  The original profits of the slave trade going almost exclusively to New York and Boston!  The thousands and thousands of Africans who died on slave ships, died in the hands of the Europeans and Yankees, not the South.

Slavery ended in the north when it did not work, but prospered in the South where warmer climates and agricultural pursuits demand inexpensive labor.   Later, northern and European textile factories would employ tens of thousands, maybe hundreds of thousands in the process of transforming slave grown and picked cotton into the fabrics which would make shirts, pants, coats, dresses,

Southern museums are moving away from Southern history, not because it is not profitable in an open market, but because government funds and the fashion of historiography today condemn the South.  Again, the Southern heritage organizations are nowhere to be seen.  Passive and impotent they do not do their duty and work to influence government policy in education and the parks.  Censorship raises its ugly head, and darkness pervades the halls of learning and groups like the S.C.V., charged with vindicating the Cause, file lawsuits over license plates but refuse to organize letter campaigns, or visitations to elected representatives with a list of demands like many other not-for-profit groups do.   The Culture War is being won by the left, because the right is living in the past, instead of the present.

What you don’t know, can’t hurt us is the belief of the liberal, or the progressive.  If you were to learn for the first time that secession was a right acknowledged by both northern and southern states at the time of the adoption of the present day Constitution than you might ask questions, like why?  And you might learn that secession as a right is the most effective tool against an activist Court.  Had Secession been an acknowledged right in the 1970’s Roe v. Wade could never have been decided as it was, the Bible Belt would have left along with much of the more conservative west.

The Sesquicentennial provides a real opportunity for Americans to re-evaluate the course we took.  Is this where we want to be?  Is this where the Founder’s intended us?  If you would like more information about the real differences between North and South, the real causes for Secession, try the Abbeville Institute in South Carolina.  And when you visit museums flood the curators, and employees with questions about President Jefferson Davis, the Confederate Constitution, and the political differences between the two regions apart from slavery.  The looks you will get will be priceless as these highly degreed bureaucrats stumble to answer questions they never expected.

A great business opportunity rests in telling the story of the underdog, the Rocky of the War for Southern Independence.  Use modern technologies, modern hands on interactive methods, but tell the story of a people being oppressed by the federal government, over taxed, and responsible for financing projects which benefitted them not.  Yes, absolutely include the story of the African American, but tell the real story.  Tell of the horrors of slavery, but tell of the great bonds between Southern white and black. Tell of who operated the entire Southern home front while the whites were off defending home and hearth. Tell of the rape of African Americans by Yankee invaders. Turn the lights on!  Tell all of American history, not just those aspects financed by the blue bloods of New England.

The South has a wonderful, full, tragic story. Tell it all.  It’s good business.

Welcome to our new website!

January 16, 2012

We hope you enjoy the new , redesigned home for the Colonel John T. Coffee Camp # 1934, Sons of Confederate Veterans.  Our home base is Osceola, Missouri but we have members from across the Show Me State as well as the nation and yes, the world.

Our new design enables us to combine our blog and our website. On the front page readers will be able to keep up with the latest Coffee Camp and Southern Heritage news. In addition we have added options to allow our members and readers to share their favorite posts and pages via social media networks such as Twitter and Facebook.

In the right hand column you will find our menu with our vast treasure trove of articles, camp information and our newsletters which are posted online.

We hope you enjoy your stay and encourage you to visit our library and sign our guest book, and yes, if you feel that honoring and preserving the history , heritage and good name of your ancestors, then please click on the “Join” link in our side bar menu.

Again Thank You for visiting and God Bless the South.-Webmaster